Landing Craft, Heavy (LCH)
The Balikpapan Class LCH was an extremely important vessel, capable of moving large amounts of cargo, personnel and equipment from larger ships to shore. A very shallow draft allowed these ships to deliver troops and equipment to areas otherwise unreachable.
The Balikpapan Class LCH was an all-welded twin-screw vessel, able to trans-ship cargo and supplies from ships lying offshore to water terminals or across the beach. Maximum cargo load was governed by the load-fuel balance and varied between 140 and 180 tonnes. A typical load of 175 tonnes gave the LCH a range of 1,300 nautical miles, increasing to 2,280 nautical miles for a load of 150 tonnes.
Usual Army equipment lift can comprise three battle tanks, twenty-three quarter-tonne trucks or thirteen armoured personnel carriers.
HMA Ships Balikpapan, Betano and Wewak were decommissioned in December 2012. HMA Ships Brunei, Labuan and Tarakan were decommissioned in November 2014.