HMAS
Bowen

HMAS Bowen
Class
Bathurst Class
Type
Australian Minesweeper
Role
  • Minesweeping
  • Convoy escort
  • Anti-submarine patrol
Pennant
J285/M285
Builder
Walkers Ltd, Maryborough
Laid Down
9 February 1942
Launched
28 July 1942
Launched by
Mrs Crittall
Commissioned
9 November 1942
Decommissioned
17 January 1946
Fate
Sold for scrap on 18 May 1956
Dimensions & Displacement
Displacement
  • 590 tonnes (standard)
  • 930 tonnes (full war load)
Length 56.69 metres
Beam 9.45 metres
Draught 2.59 metres
Performance
Speed 15 knots
Complement
Crew 85
Propulsion
Machinery Triple expansion engine, 2 shafts
Horsepower 2,000
Armament
Guns
  • 1 x 76mm gun
  • 3 x 20mm Oerlikons
  • Machine guns
Other Armament 40 depth charges, chutes and throwers
Awards
Battle Honours

HMAS Bowen was one of sixty Australian Minesweepers (commonly known as corvettes) built during World War II in Australian shipyards as part of the Commonwealth Government’s wartime shipbuilding programme. Twenty were built on Admiralty order but manned and commissioned by the Royal Australian Navy. Thirty-six (including Bowen) were built for the Royal Australian Navy and four for the Royal Indian Navy.

Bowen was commissioned at Brisbane on 9 November 1942 under the command of Lieutenant Gordon L. Olsen RANR.

Bowen began her active wartime career with convoy escort duty on the east coast of Australia and to the New Guinea forward areas. On 28 March 1942, at Oro Bay, a series of dive bombing attacks ended in the destruction of the Dutch ship Bantam (3,014 tonnes) and the American tender Masaya (1,065 tonnes), the former having been escorted into the bay by Bowen two days previously. The corvette fortunately escaped the bombing but was strafed by two planes after they had released their bombs on Bantam. After taking off survivors Bowen successfully beached the burning Dutch ship away from the wharf. A stoker in Bowen suffered shrapnel wounds. There were no casualties on board the Bantam but the American ship suffered six killed and several wounded.

Bowen's role in the Oro Bay action drew praise from the Australian Naval Board
Bowen's role in the Oro Bay action drew praise from the Australian Naval Board

Convoy escort, and anti-submarine patrols in the north eastern area continued throughout 1943. Bowen’s usual employment was on the Cairns – Townsville – Port Moresby – Milne Bay run, interspersed with an odd run into Oro Bay or Buna. They were mostly monotonous, but essential patrols providing protection from submarines for the never ending movement of supplies to the forward areas.

In 1944 Bowen continued operating in the Now Guinea area, escorting and patrolling further north as the war progressed, to Madang, Langemak, Saidor, Merauke and the Admiralties. On 15 January, en route to Milne Bay, she rescued two survivors from a RAAF Beaufort bomber which had crashed into the sea. In April, en route to Hyane Harbour, Admiralty Islands, she rescued the only survivor of a crashed United States plane.

In June 1944 Bowen began a period of duty operating between Darwin and Thursday Island, ending in November when she arrived at Melbourne for refitting.

After four months in Australian waters, Bowen returned to New Guinea on escort duties, arriving at Lae in the middle of March 1945, and thence escorting shipping to Madang, Hollandia, Morotai and Biak. In July and August she visited Darwin and was in that port when hostilities ended.

In the immediate post war period she played her part with other units of the RAN in surrender and occupation operations in the Moluccas, before returning to Australia in December 1945.

HMAS Bowen was one of sixty Australian Minesweepers commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy during World War II
HMAS Bowen was one of sixty Australian Minesweepers commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy during World War II

After visiting Bowen in Queensland for a three day stay, she proceeded to Melbourne where she paid off on 17 January 1946, having steamed 95,651 miles on active service. Bowen was sold on 18 May 1956 to Hong Kong Rolling Mills, Hong Kong, to be broken up.

Further Reading

  • Notable Service to the Empire: Australian Corvettes and the British Pacific Fleet 1944-45 by Hugh Campbell - published by Naval Historical Society of Australia Inc, Garden Island, 1995.
  • The Corvettes: Forgotten Ships of the Royal Australian Navy by Iris Nesdale - published by the Author, October, 1982.
  • Corvettes - Little Ships for Big Men by Frank B. Walker - published by Kingfisher Press, NSW, 1996.
The 'as built' general arrangement plan for the Bathurst class corvettes.
The 'as built' general arrangement plan for the Bathurst class corvettes.