HMAS
Torrens
(I)

HMAS Torrens (I)
Class
River Class
Type
Torpedo Boat Destroyer
Pennant
D67
Builder
Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney
Laid Down
25 January 1913
Launched
28 August 1915
Launched by
Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, wife of the Governor-General
Commissioned
3 July 1916
Decommissioned
12 May 1926
Dimensions & Displacement
Displacement 700 tons
Length 250 feet 9 inches
Beam 24 feet 6 inches
Draught 8 feet 6 inches
Performance
Speed 26 knots
Complement
Crew 66
Propulsion
Machinery Parsons turbines
Horsepower 10,600
Armament
Guns
  • 1 x 4-inch gun
  • 3 x 12-pounder guns
Other Armament 3 x 18-inch torpedo tubes
Awards
Battle Honours ADRIATIC 1917–18

HMAS Torrens was one of six River Class Torpedo Boat Destroyers built for the Royal Australian Navy between 1909 and 1916. During the First World War they formed the Australian Destroyer Flotilla. Her sister ships were HMA Ships Huon (I), Parramatta (I), Swan (I), Warrego (I) and Yarra (I).

Mr Kidd laying the keel plate of HMAS Torrens
Mr Kidd laying the keel plate of HMAS Torrens
HMAS Torrens and her sister ship, HMAS Huon under construction at Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney
HMAS Torrens and her sister ship, HMAS Huon under construction at Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney

Torrens was laid down on 25 January 1913 at Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney. She was launched by Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, wife of the Governor-General on 28 August 1915 and was later commissioned at Sydney on 3 July 1916 under the command of Lieutenant Kenneth P. Dalglish RN.

Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, wife of the Governor-General launching HMAS Torrens, 28 August 1915
Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, wife of the Governor-General launching HMAS Torrens, 28 August 1915

Torrens began her seagoing service as a unit of the British Far East Patrol. She departed Sydney on 28 August 1916 in company with Swan (I) and arrived at Sandakan in Borneo on 17 September 1916. Based first at Sandakan and later at Singapore, Torrens helped to maintain patrols in the Malayan Archipelago until the close of May 1917. The historian A.W. Jose described the eight months of almost constant patrolling as 'valuable drudgery under tropical conditions.'

Following a refit in June, Torrens left Singapore on 2 July 1917 to proceed to the Mediterranean in company with Huon (I) and Swan (I). On 7 July at Cocos Island the three Torpedo Boat Destroyers joined Warrego (I), Parramatta (I) and Yarra (I) to form the Australian Destroyer Flotilla under the command of Commander W.H. Warren RN in Parramatta (I).

From Cocos Island the Flotilla proceeded to Diego Garcia to search the archipelago for survivors of two British ships, Jumna and Wordsworth, which had disappeared without trace early in 1917. Nothing was found and the destroyers continued their voyage to the Mediterranean, arriving at Port Said on 9 August 1917.

Members of HMAS Torrens crew with the ships mascot
Members of HMAS Torrens crew with the ships mascot

On 12 August the Flotilla, less Swan (I) and Warrego (I), sailed for Malta escorting a convoy of merchant ships. En route on 16 August, Parramatta (I) sighted and attacked a submarine. Torrens sighted a second periscope and fired three rounds from her 4-inch gun as she approached. Both attacks failed but 'after the weary months of tropical patrol the action was a tonic for the men.'

Following refits at Malta and combined anti-submarine exercises, the Australian Flotilla was based in October 1917 at Brindisi on the heel of Italy and assigned the task of maintaining patrols in the Strait of Otranto. The purpose of the patrol was to prevent the passage into the Mediterranean of enemy submarines based at Austrian Adriatic ports. Operating in two divisions the Australian Destroyer Flotilla maintained patrols on the basis of four days at sea, four days in harbour.

During the early months of the operation there was plenty of action. A patrol seldom passed without the detection and chase of an enemy submarine attempting the passage of the Narrows. Later, however, enemy activity steadily diminished and submarines were seldom sighted.

Some two months after the Australian destroyers began patrolling they were joined by a French flotilla. Their presence gave some respite to the ships but the wear and tear on machinery without adequate maintenance was a constant problem. In mid December Torrens had to be sent to Malta for a major refit with her 'turbines stripped and steering gear almost worn out.' She remained in dockyard hands until mid February 1918, returning to Brindisi to resume patrol duty on 20 February 1918.

Shortly after Torrens had rejoined the Australian Flotilla the allied Adriatic blockading forces were heavily reinforced. The Australian ships were absorbed into the 5th British Destroyer Flotilla as part of a force which ultimately numbered more than 200 vessels including 35 destroyers and submarines.

HMAS Torrens
HMAS Torrens

On the night of 22 April 1918, Austrian destroyers based at Pola at the head of the Adriatic succeeded in inflicting the first serious damage on any of the Otranto patrol ships. On this night the patrol comprised the British destroyers HM Ships Alarm, Comet, Jackal and Hornet, Torrens and the French destroyer Cimiterre, dispersed in three groups of two destroyers each, Comet and Torrens in the centre. The Austrian flotilla of five destroyers attacked Jackal and Hornet patrolling in the western sector of the Strait, putting Hornet out of action and damaging Jackal before turning and making off at high speed. Jackal joined later by Comet and Torrens, gave futile chase to the faster enemy ships until, at 3 am, when Torrens was off Cattaro, the destroyers were recalled to Brindisi.

Torrens continued her Adriatic patrols until 7 September 1918. In a changing naval situation it was a role made more arduous by a steadily diminishing availability of patrol vessels, beginning with the withdrawal of the French flotilla in June 1918. From 8 September to 10 October she was at Messina in refit.

On 11 October she returned to Brindisi for what proved to be her last week on the Otranto patrol. On 17 October 1918 she sailed in company with Yarra (I) and the majority of the remaining 5th Flotilla destroyers for Mudros, Lemnos Island, to join the allied fleet.

Operating with the fleet Torrens passed through the Dardanelles into the Sea of Marmora, During the passage the commander of Parramatta (I) requested and was granted permission to fly an Australian blue ensign to honour Australians killed at Anzac.

At the close of November 1918, Torrens proceeded in company with Yarra (I) through the Bosphorus into the Black Sea. She visited Batum, Novorossiisk and Sebastopol before re-entering the Sea of Marmora at the close of 1918 and then proceeded to Malta where she arrived on 29 December 1918 and joined her sister ships.

The Australian Flotilla sailed from Gibraltar to proceed to England on 3 January 1919 but became separated in a storm off Cape St Vincent. Torrens and Warrego (I), after taking refuge in the Tagus, arrived at Devonport in company on 11 January 1919.

Leaving England in stages the flotilla assembled at Malta and on 17 March 1919 proceeded to return to Australia in company with the cruiser HMAS Melbourne (I). Torrens arrived in Sydney on 21 May 1919 after an absence of 1,067 days on war service.

HMAS Torrens
HMAS Torrens

The remainder of Torrens' seagoing service was spent in home waters. In October and November 1919 she took part in Fleet spring cruise in Queensland waters and in January to February 1920 proceeded with the fleet on a summer cruise to Tasmania during which she visited Melbourne for the first time. In May 1920 Torrens was one of the 26 ships and six submarines of the Royal Australian Navy assembled at Melbourne for the arrival on 26 May 1920 of the Prince of Wales in HMS Renown. In July she was one of the escorts for Renown for the visit of the Prince to South Australia, returning to Sydney on 19 July 1920 for paying off into the Reserve. She did not again operate as a fleet unit.

From June 1924 to mid March 1925 Torrens was based at Westernport for Royal Australian Naval Reserve training, From Westernport she proceeded to Port Adelaide for similar service. On 11 March 1926 the destroyer arrived in Sydney from Adelaide. She paid off on 12 May 1926.

The remainder of her useful service was confined to naval reserve training at Sydney in Reserve with a Care and Maintenance Party. During the general reduction in naval activity imposed by lack of finance during the Depression, it was decided to scrap the six Torpedo Boat Destroyers. On 24 November 1930 Torrens was towed to sea by the tug Heroic for use as a Fleet Gunnery Practice Target. The old destroyer withstood considerable shelling before sinking when a charge of gelignite exploded in her hull.

HMAS Torrens prior to being used as a Fleet Gunnery Practice Target off Sydney Heads, 24 November 1930
HMAS Torrens prior to being used as a Fleet Gunnery Practice Target off Sydney Heads, 24 November 1930