HMAS
Townsville
(I)

HMAS Townsville (I)
Class
Bathurst Class
Type
Australian Minesweeper
Pennant
J205
Builder
Evans Deakin & Co Ltd, Brisbane
Laid Down
16 November 1940
Launched
13 May 1941
Launched by
Mrs McNeil, wife of the Third Naval Member
Commissioned
19 December 1941
Decommissioned
5 August 1946
Dimensions & Displacement
Displacement 650 tons
Length 186 feet
Beam 31 feet
Draught 8 feet 6 inhes
Performance
Speed 15 knots
Complement
Crew 85
Propulsion
Machinery Triple expansion, 2 shafts
Horsepower 1,750
Armament
Guns
  • 1 x 4-inch gun
  • 1 x Bofors
  • Machine Guns
Other Armament
  • 3 x Oerlikons
  • Depth charge chutes and throwers
Awards
Battle Honours

HMAS Townsville was one of sixty Australian Minesweepers (commonly known as corvettes) built during World War II in Australian shipyards as part of the Commonwealth Government's wartime shipbuilding programme. Twenty were built on Admiralty order but manned and commissioned by the Royal Australian Navy. Thirty-six (including Townsville) were built for the Royal Australian Navy and four for the Royal Indian Navy.

 

 

A minature presentation bell given to Townsville's launching lady Mrs P.E. McNeil.

HMAS Townsville was laid down in the yard of Evans Deakin & Co Ltd, Brisbane on 16 November 1940. She was launched by Mrs P.E. McNeil, the wife of the Third Naval Member, on 13 May 1941 and commissioned at Brisbane on 19 December 1941 under the command of Lieutenant Commander John Abbott, RAN (Emergency List).

 

Left: An article from a local newspaper announcing the launch of Townsville in Queensland. Right: Mrs McNeil, wife of the Third Naval Member, christens the ship as the launching lady.

Left: Cannon Birch, Naval Chaplain, dedicates the vessel. Right: Townsville after it was launched. Note the vessel dressed with flags, this is the naval ceremonial tradition of 'dress ship'.

Many witnessed the launching of Townsville at Evans Deakin & Co Ltd, Brisbane.

Townsville began her operational career in February 1942 escorting Darwin to Thursday Island convoys. She was in harbour when the first and most destructive of more than fifty air raids on Darwin took place on 19 February 1942. Operations under the Darwin command continued until 28 July 1942 when Townsville proceeded for Sydney to take up escort duties on the east coast of Australia. It was an anxious period for those charged with the protection of coastal shipping. Six groups had already fallen victim to Japanese submarines operating in Australian waters.

HMAS Townsville (Allan C Green, State Library of Victoria)

HMAS Townsville at sea early in her commission. (Allan C Green, State Library of Victoria)

Corvettes were small, compact vessels capable of a variety of tasks. They were often referred to as 'Maids of all Work' by those who served in them.

On 13 August 1942 Townsville assumed responsibility for her first east coast convoy, bound from Sydney for Melbourne. It was the first of many she was to shepherd through dangerous waters on a two year tour of duty on the Australian coast. It included the period of the maximum Japanese effort against the Allied supply line. Twelve ships were sunk off the Australian coast with the loss of more than 150 merchant seamen. Only one ship, the 4,800 ton Iron Knight, was lost in a convoy under Townsville's protection.

Townsville displaying her newly applied disruptive pattern camouflage paint work. The dark areas at either end of the were applied to make the corvette appear even small than she was.

On 31 May 1944 Townsville departed Brisbane to begin a period of escort and patrol duties in New Guinea waters. Five months were spent in operations from Milne Bay to Morotai, including Madang, Hollandia, Langemak, Wakde, Noemfoor and Manus.

Left: Townsville nested with one of her sister ships HMAS Bunbury in the Moratai area, 2 June 1945.

Returning to the mainland in November 1944, Townsville carried out a series of minesweeping operations before returning to Milne Bay on the last day of the month. She remained in New Guinea waters operating on patrol in mainly the Morotai / Biak area until June 1945, when she proceeded to Melbourne for refitting. The refit was in progress when hostilities ended.

In the post war period Townsville operated as a unit of the 20th Minesweeping Flotilla in the New Britain area and in Australian home waters. She paid off into Reserve at Fremantle on 5 August 1946. In more than four and a half years of seagoing service Townsville steamed 155,450 miles. Townsville was sold on 8 August 1956 to the Hong Kong Delta Shipping Co, Hong Kong, for breaking up.

 


Townsville at the end of her RAN service laid up in reserve at Fremantle.

Further Reading

  1. The Corvettes: Forgotten Ships of the Royal Australian Navy by Iris Nesdale - published by the Author, October, 1982.
  2. Corvettes - Little Ships for Big Men by Frank B. Walker - published by Kingfisher Press, NSW, 1996.